You have probably been watching some form of sporting activity such as athletics, volleyball or cycling and wondered why we now see athletes bodies covered in stripes of colourful tape. This support tape is specifically called kinesiology tape or more commonly kinesio tape. According to the manufacturers website applied over muscles to reduce pain and inflammation, relax overused or tired muscles, and support muscles in movement on a 24-hour-a-day basis.
Taping and Strapping
Kinesio-taping (KT) method Taping techniques are commonly used by physiotherapists in the treatment of pain relief and prevention of sports injuries. This technique can be often used for patients who are suffering with knee pain. The benefits of tape application is the breadth of conditions it covers with its relatively simple effects of balancing the muscles effect on the knee and relieving pressure on the kneecap and its tendon.
Kinesiology tape (KNT) through taping historically had an association to Dr. Kenzo Kase, a Japanese chiropractor who wanted a tape that provided support but didn’t limit the range of motion the way traditional athletic tapes do. KT support tape can be applied in a number of different ways depending on the required action. Examples are to release tension in over worked muscles, encourage activation in weaker muscles, support structures in protected positions where excessive movement can delay healing, managed swelling and give proprioceptive feedback to improve posture or movement control in the area.
Causes Of Knee Pain
Knee issues arise from equally as many causes. Muscle imbalances, poor running form, misaligned hips or poor posture, poor nutrition, over-training, compensation for another injury, hyper-extension, arthritis, and blunt trauma to ligaments are just a few of the most common causes of knee pain. Common effective treatments among all of these conditions include increasing circulation, providing support, reducing pressure, and maintaining range of motion
How does Kinesiology support tape work?
When sports tape is applied to an inflamed or swollen area of the body, the lifting motion of the tape lifts the skin and creates a space between the top layer of skin and the underlying tissues. KNT is purported to increase circulation by reducing local pressure. This space creates a pressure gradient between this area and the surrounding tissues that allows fluids to move into the lymphatic vessels and be eliminated from the body.
In consequence, different types of support tape can be used ranging from rigid to full flexible and includes Kineseotape ('K') Dynamic tape, Zinc Oxide and Elastive Adhesive Bandage
A variety of other supports are available which maybe suggested by your Physiotherapist to support your recovery process. We aim for both taping and supports to be short term use while you rehabilitate your body to take over the role of the tape or support and if you successfully follow the rehabilitation programme, this should guard against future injury