Description Of Sciatica
Sciatica is a condition which gives rise to pain at some point along the length of the sciatic nerve. This can be anywhere along the back, buttock, thigh, calf and foot.
It is often due to a back complaint and is more common down one leg but can present down both. It is an axample of referred which is where you feel the symptoms away from the actual cause of the problem ie leg pain from a back condition
Common Symptoms of Sciatica
Sciatica symptoms are most commonly pain but can give rise to feelings of numbness, tingling and weakness.
Symptoms may be along the full length of the nerve but it may just be at some point along the nerves distribution, such as in the calf or buttock.
Causes Of Sciatica
Back complaints are the main cause of sciatica, such as a disc prolapse, arthritis, muscular tension in the buttock region and postural factors. It can also be related to other conditions affecting sciaitc nerve such as trauma (eg an ankle sprain over stretching the nerve around the ankle) or postural (such as sitting with legs crossed putting pressure on the nerve around the knee) The sciatic nerve in such conditions can become inflamed or tight and therefore gives rise to the symptoms above.
Treatment Of Sciatica
Initially we have to work out the site and cause of the sciatica by completing a full back and leg assessment. Treatment may consist of joint and nerve mobilisations, myofascial release, exercises rehabilitation, electrotherapy and postural re-alignment. Acupuncture may also be of benefit.