Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy as a physiotherapy treatment where healthcare professionals use treatments involving electrical impulses to influence the nervous system and muscle, affecting pain messages for pain management of different types of pain. Electrotherapy can be used as a stimulator for therapies relieving numbness, irritation, persistent acute pain and discomfort relieving musculoskeletal pains.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a commonly used non-pharmacologic and non-invasive treatment of Pain, TENS treatment involves the use of a mild electrical current with a frequency less than 10Hz to 150 Hz that reduces the pain felt from some conditions. They can be purchased online or from some Pharmacies for around £20-30 and used as a nerve stimulator for electrical muscle stimulation. This is one of the methods of pain relief for chronic back pain.
A TENS device is a small, battery-operated device that has leads connected to sticky pads called electrodes. These electrode pads are attached directly to your skin and the tens machine works when switched on sends small electrical pulses to the nerves, spinal cord and brain which can relieve pain. The pain relief occurs from modulating the amount of pain signals the injured area sends to the brain and by activating the release of endorphins and other pain relief substances. The patient feels a small tingling sensation which should not be painful and most machines have different settings to allow you to choose one that suits you.
A TENS machine is not a cure for pain, and may only offer short term pain relief but a TENS machine is designed to treat many different kinds of pain ranging in short-term to long-term chronic ailments. Along with other Physiotherapy treatments, it can be an important part of your recovery as breaking the pain cycle can allow the stimulation of the healing process
IMPORTANT: Although this device can be prescribed to many different people for many different reasons, it is not suitable for everyone. It’s important to read fully the instructions provided with the machine before use and be aware of any side effects.
Ultrasound treatments have been used by physiotherapists since the 1940s using thermal and non-thermal effects. They have a mechanical effect on the tissues which can aid the healing process of soft tissue injuries. The settings allow your Physiotherapist to send the ultrasound waves to a specific depth and area size and the dose is altered accordingly to stage of healing ie acute or subacute phase
Your Physiotherapist will use ultrasound alongside other physiotherapy techniques to encourage tissue repair and regeneration.
Ultrasound therapy causes mechanical vibrations, from high-frequency sound waves, on skin and soft tissue via an aqueous medium. ultrasound is a safe treatment that has been used in physical therapy for many years. It provides heat to deep structures in the body, and it is thought that this heat helps improve that way that your body heals.
Microcurrent therapy has an emerging body of evidence behind it to support its role in tissue healing. Similar to a TENS machine it is attached via small sticky electrodes, but it differs in the type of electrical stimulation it provides. It is a low-level electrical excitation of the tissues, encouraging a faster pacer of tissue healing, particularly inpatient who have 'lower battery power' where healing is taking longer. Some elite sports clubs are using this in their first aid and injury management programmes and are seeing good effects in the speed of return to sport. It is particularly helpful in long-standing tendon trouble such as Achilles tendonitis and tennis elbow, where together with a multi-modal Physiotherapy approach, the effects are impressive. Discuss with your Physiotherapist whether this is a treatment option for you.
IMPORTANT: Please advise our physios if you believe that you could be pregnant and there are some other health problems where ultrasound would not be used so it is important to update your Physiotherapist fully on your medical conditions
Sports massage is a firm deep tissue massage therapy which is the most effective therapy for treating muscular pain, tension and for putting your body in balanceSports Massage
Joint mobilisation techniques focus on attaining a normal range of pain-free joint motion.Mobilisations
TENS is an abbreviation of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. A Tens machine may assist in modest short-term pain relief. Ultrasound aids tissue healing for soft tissue injuriesElectrotherapy
the use of taping and strapping techniques to aid both the treatment and prevention of injurySports taping
Rehabilitation is the process to regain full function following injury. This involves restoring strength, flexibility, endurance and power and is achieved through various exercises and drillsExercise Rehabilitation
An exercise programme that aims to improve stabilisation and support to the spine. This is achieved by re-training specific trunk muscles, which may be under usedCore Strength
Treatment for a sports injury will depend on factors such as how severe the injury is and the part of your body affected.Sports Injuries
Upper back and neck pain can stop you in your tracks, making it difficult to go about your typical day.Back Pain
The most common soft tissues injured are muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These injuries often occur during sports and exercise activities, but sometimes simple everyday activities can cause an injury.Strains and Sprains
A fracture is when a bone has been broken. A dislocation is where a bone has been displaced from its normal position at a joint.Fractures
Whiplash is a term that describes a neck injury caused by a sudden movement of the head forwards, backwards or sidewaysWhiplash Symptoms
A Headache is a pain in any region of the head. Headaches can occur on one or both sides of the head, or be isolated to a certain location. A headache may be a sharp pain, throbbing sensation or dull acheHeadaches
is a pain affecting the back, hip, and outer side of the leg, caused by compression of a spinal nerve root in the lower back, often owing to degeneration of an inter-vertebral disc.Sciatica
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with ageArthritis
a condition in which the prolonged performance of repetitive actions, typically with the hands, causes pain or impairment of function in the tendons and muscles involvedRSI