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There are various common types of arthritis the main ones being Osteoarthritis (Osteoarthritis is a disease that damages the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. This is when bones rub together.) ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis (autoimmune arthritis), Psoriatic arthritis with different physiotherapy treatments available. Many people are living with the long term effects of arthritis and suffer from joint arthritis which can have a large effect on their day to day health. Arthritis affects many different parts of the body, it affects much more than just the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease, meaning it can affect many parts of the body
The pain and swelling arthritis brings depends upon the disease type This can vary and affects the symptoms that you have and treatment offered.
Many arthritis types can lead to joint deformity, stiffness, pain and swelling.
Physiotherapy treatments may include manual therapy, exercise rehabilitation, acupuncture, TENS and lifestyle advice to reduce the disease pain.
Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis in the UK and affects over a million people. Osteo causes the joints to become painful and stiff, normally developing over time and can affect different joints, most frequently seen in the hands, hips, feet and spine. Osteoarthritis is normally associated with the ageing process but it can occur earlier in some individuals. There are some inherited and lifestyle factors which can affect how early or late that you may develop the symptoms
With Osteoarthritis there are changes in joint surface cartilage, the underlying bone thickens and broadens to reduce the load on the cartilage, bony growths form at the outer edges of the joint giving the appearance of a knobbly joint, the synovial membrane and joint capsule thicken, reducing the space inside the joint, this leads to a stiff joint, joint pain and inflammation.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune chronic progressive disease-causing inflammation which affects the joints and tendons. It is also a systemic disease meaning that it doesn't just affect the body's joints, the progressive autoimmune disease causes signs like joint pain and swelling in the feet and hands, but can affect many other joints in the body.
With RA, the immune system becomes too active and attacks the synovial lining of your joints, this causes the inflammation and tends to affect the body symmetrically. It tends to affect the small joints in hands and feet first, often the knuckle joints in the fingers.
If Rheumatoid arthritis is not treated or is inadequately treated, it can cause irreversible damage to joints and lead to disability. The sooner RA is diagnosed and treated, the better the long-term outcomes are likely to be.
Joint pain, stiffness and swelling are the main signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. They can affect any part of your body, including your knees, ankles, hands and feet, and can range from relatively mild to severe and almost 1 in 3 people with psoriasis also have psoriatic arthritis
The symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) usually develop slowly over several months or years. The symptoms may come and go, and improve or get worse, over many years. The main symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis are Back pain and stiffness, inflammation of the joints, Enthesitis and Fatigue.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – lupus – is a long-term condition causing inflammation to the joints, skin and other organs. This can result in joint pain and stiffness, extreme tiredness that will not go away no matter how much you rest, skin rashes – often over the nose and cheeks.
a type of arthritis caused by too much uric acid in the body. This can be left in joints (usually affecting the big toe), but can develop in any joint. It causes intense pain, redness and swelling. Symptoms can be sudden severe pain in any joint – usually the big toe, or fingers, wrists, elbows or knees, red, hot, swollen skin over the affected joint.
As there are many forms of arthritis there is also a wide range of symptoms you should be looking out for things like pain stiffness and swelling, early morning joint stiffness, a decrease in the range of motion with worst symptoms in the morning, tiredness or fatigue, generally feeling unwell, joint tenderness or pain during movement or while at rest, sometimes with an associated redness around the joint of the skin.
Fibromyalgia causes pain in the body's muscles, ligaments and tendons. Patients suffering with this may have an increased sensitivity to pain, extreme tiredness (fatigue), muscle stiffness, difficulty sleeping. Exercise, in particular, has been found to have a number of important benefits for people with fibromyalgia, including helping to reduce arthritis pain.
Contact us at Abbey Physiotherapy, if you would like any support with the management of your condition.
Sports massage is a firm deep tissue massage therapy which is the most effective therapy for treating muscular pain, tension and for putting your body in balanceSports Massage
Joint mobilisation techniques focus on attaining a normal range of pain-free joint motion.Mobilisations
TENS is an abbreviation of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. A Tens machine may assist in modest short-term pain relief. Ultrasound aids tissue healing for soft tissue injuriesElectrotherapy
the use of taping and strapping techniques to aid both the treatment and prevention of injurySports taping
Rehabilitation is the process to regain full function following injury. This involves restoring strength, flexibility, endurance and power and is achieved through various exercises and drillsExercise Rehabilitation
An exercise programme that aims to improve stabilisation and support to the spine. This is achieved by re-training specific trunk muscles, which may be under usedCore Strength
Treatment for a sports injury will depend on factors such as how severe the injury is and the part of your body affected.Sports Injuries
Upper back and neck pain can stop you in your tracks, making it difficult to go about your typical day.Back Pain
The most common soft tissues injured are muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These injuries often occur during sports and exercise activities, but sometimes simple everyday activities can cause an injury.Strains and Sprains
A fracture is when a bone has been broken. A dislocation is where a bone has been displaced from its normal position at a joint.Fractures
Whiplash is a term that describes a neck injury caused by a sudden movement of the head forwards, backwards or sidewaysWhiplash Symptoms
A Headache is a pain in any region of the head. Headaches can occur on one or both sides of the head, or be isolated to a certain location. A headache may be a sharp pain, throbbing sensation or dull acheHeadaches
is a pain affecting the back, hip, and outer side of the leg, caused by compression of a spinal nerve root in the lower back, often owing to degeneration of an inter-vertebral disc.Sciatica
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with ageArthritis
a condition in which the prolonged performance of repetitive actions, typically with the hands, causes pain or impairment of function in the tendons and muscles involvedRSI