Taping has been used for a long time for the prevention of injured joints or treatment of lower leg sporting injuries. Have you been watching sporting activities? activities such as athletics, volleyball or cycling. Wondered why we now see athletes' bodies covered in stripes of colourful tape. You will recognise this tape as kinesiology tape (which is stretchy) or Kinesio tape. KT is not only used for sports injuries but for a variety of other injuries. According to the manufacturer's recommendations KT Tape can treat pain and inflammation. Applied over muscles the tape works to relax overused or tired muscles. This allows the tape to support muscles in the movement 24 hours a day. The process requires the application of tape to the skin to hold muscles or bones at a certain position. Holding the position reduces pain and aids recovery. Especially when applied by your orthopedic therapist following overuse to relieve discomfort.
Kinesio-taping (KT) is a taping method used by physiotherapists. Your physio can help with the treatment of pain relief and the prevention of sports injuries. These taping techniques are often used for patients who are suffering from a runner's knee. It could be problems with your patella causing knee pain such as weakness in a ligament.
The benefits of KT tape application are the breadth of conditions it covers. Simple effects, balancing the muscle's effect on the knee joint. This allows for reducing pressure on the kneecap and its tendon. When applying the tape you won't usually want it to stretch to its full extent. Most instructions need a degree of stretch
(You could see percentages, such as 50% for stretching to half of the tape’s full stretch, 25% for between none and half, and 75% between half and full stretch)
KT tape is strong, breathable, and latex-free.
Kinesiology tape (KNT) when applied using the Kinesio taping method attributed to Dr. Kenzo Kase. Dr. Kase a Japanese chiropractor wanted a tape that provided support but didn’t limit the range of motion the way traditional athletic tapes do. KT support tape is applied in different ways in physical therapy to assist with relieving pain and depending on the condition.
Examples of treatment using kinesiology taping are:
The general consensus is that taping as sports medicine prevents the reoccurrence of an injury. There are two most likely explanations for this. First, the tape gives the joint mechanical support. It allows the joints and muscles to remain stable during activity.
This means that the tape prevents the joint from moving too far in any one direction, hyperextending the joint beyond the normal range of motion. The tape’s medical-grade adhesive is also water-resistant and strong enough to stay on for three to five days. This allows you to continue to work out or take showers. The use of tape to treat a range of musculoskeletal anatomy problems is best described as:
All when applied by your Abbey physiotherapist
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a broad term used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the patella, or kneecap. Tape can be used to treat athletic injuries and causes of knee pain.
Knee issues arise from many causes.
are the most common causes of knee-joint pain.
Common effective treatments for all these conditions include
It is believed that the use of tape creates small spaces in joints which helps prevent joint irritation.
When sports tape is applied by your physical therapist to an inflamed or swollen area of the body, Achilles, elbow, wrist, quadriceps, knees, thigh, low back, ankle, or rotator cuff e.g you may have suffered a sprain to your ankle and be using the biomechanic tape for stability, the lifting motion of the dynamic tape lifts the skin and creates a space between the top layer of skin and the underlying tissues. KNT is purported to increase circulation by reducing local pressure and improving blood flow. This space creates a pressure gradient between this area and the surrounding tissues that allows fluids to move into the lymphatic vessels and be eliminated from the body by lymphatic drainage, reducing the inflammatory nature of the injury and improving the rehab of the patient, and assisting the healing process.
KT Tape can be used to help improve muscular firing and contraction patterns, normalising muscular tone and improving athletic performance.
Helping reduce pain and muscle spasms that may occur after an injury such as shoulder pain caused by ;instability in the Rotator Cuff.
Abbey Physiotherapy uses tape to treat conditions such as patellofemoral stress syndrome, iliotibial band friction syndrome, and shoulder instability can benefit from the extra support provided by using sports taping practices. The tape can support your joint while still allowing for some motion to occur.
If you have suffered an injury or have had surgery that results in increased swelling, Kinesiology tape may help to decrease the swelling. This is because it decreases the pressure between the skin and the underlying tissues.
Kinesiotaping for post-surgical scars is a treatment method proven to be effective for the management of scar tissue.
Kinesio Tape is a rehabilitative tape that is designed to facilitate the body’s natural healing process while providing both support and stability to muscles and joints. It is characterised by the ability to stretch to 120-140% of its original length and, following application, will recoil back towards its original length. The tape is designed to mimic the physical qualities of the skin. This is because it is believed to be the same weight and thickness as the epidermis along with its inherent elastic properties. It is comprised of polymer elastic wrapped in 100% cotton fibres, which allows for the evaporation of moisture. The glue is heat-activated and is applied in a wave-like pattern to mimic the qualities of the fingerprint on the fingertip
We don't recommend applying kinesiology tape to damaged or broken skin, if your skin is particularly sensitive, we recommend that we may recommend trying testing out a small section for a period of around 24 hours to check that you don’t suffer any ill effects before application of a full taping job.
Kinesio tape can be used to prevent injuries. It is used to successfully treat a variety of orthopaedic, neuromuscular, neurological and medical conditions, designed to facilitate the body's natural healing process while allowing support and stability to muscles and joints without restricting the body's range of motion. In consequence, different types of sports taping can be used ranging from rigid to full flexible which includes the use of Kineseotape ('K') Dynamic tape, Zinc Oxide and Elastic Adhesive Bandage. If you are preparing for a big sporting event and want to ensure that do the most the protect yourself get in touch with your local physiotherapist at Abbey Physiotherapy.
A variety of other supports are available which may be suggested by your Physiotherapist to support your recovery process. We aim for both taping and support to be short term use while you rehabilitate your body to take over the role of the tape or support and if you successfully follow the rehabilitation programme, this should guard against future injury.
These are the conditions in which Abbey Physiotherapy could utilise the use of KT Taping as a form of treatment, maybe in conjunction with other Physiotherapy Treatments.
There is a lot of research available investigating the efficacy of kinesiology tape in the musculoskeletal field, although research in the neurological arena is much less prevalent. However, it has been used for Improved postural alignment, pelvic tilting, and gait in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Spinal Cord Injury, pain, and musculoskeletal problems. If you have an injury that results in pain, swelling, loss of motion, or muscle spasm your Abbey physical therapist may recommend using kinesiology tape to help treat your problem
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